What is Hair Transplantation? How is hair transplantation done? Side Effects & Care After Hair Transplantation

What is Hair Transplantation?

Today, women, as well as men, suffer from hair loss. Many women lose their hair because of the chemicals we are exposed to, diseases, births, menopause. Male pattern baldness affects about a third of men under 30 years old. This ratio rises to 80% in men over 70 years old. It is also more common in white-skinned men than black men. Hair loss has increased so much in recent years that there has been a 60% increase in hair transplantation since 2014. Although this method seems to be the most permanent solution that can prevent hair loss, it is also costly. Also, although many men dream of getting their hair back, they are worried because the process is painful. Now that both women and men can choose this radical solution, I wanted to give information about hair transplantation methods today.

hair loss

Hair Transplantation Procedure

 The hair transplantation procedure starts with removing hair from an area known as a donor area that is not affected by hair loss. The received hair is transferred to an area where the hair becomes thinner or completely bald. In other words, it is necessary to have a little hair on the head to make this process possible. Unfortunately, people who have completely bald heads can not transplant hair. There are two different methods for hair transplantation that are suitable for the procedure: follicular unit extraction (FUE) and follicular unit transplantation (FUT).

Follicular Unit Transplantation Methos (FUT)

For Follicular Unit Transplantation Method FUT, the doctor cuts the strips of tissue from the donor area and cuts them into separate follicular units. Then, small cuts are formed on the scalp to carefully lay out the follicular unit grafts. These cuts may leave some traces later.

hair transplantation

Follicular Unit Extraction Method (FUE)

Follicular Unit Extraction Method FUE is a modern approach to hair transplantation method. It is usually more preferred by individuals because it leaves less obvious scars. For FUE, individual hair follicles are removed directly from the donor area, which is the back of the patient's neck. Then, a microsurgeon transfers the follicles to the hair transplant area using a needle. You are asked to lie face down while performing the procedure. About 3000 hair follicles are taken from the back of your head. Before this process, sedation is applied to the natural head region. It is still possible to feel some pain. The process takes approximately 2 hours. When you stand up at the end of the procedure, you can see that your face is swollen. However, this is an effect that occurs in almost everyone. How many hair follicles have been removed means that so many cuts will be removed during extraction. At this stage, you can wear headphones to avoid hearing interruption and feel painless. Whichever method you choose, the transplanted hair will usually fall out 2 to 3 weeks after the procedure. So you have to go bald for a while. You may notice that new hair follicles have started to grow in the transplanted area within a few months. Most people find that 60% of their hair is out in 6 to 9 months.

What is the Reason for Male Pattern Hair Loss? 

Hair transplantation is unfortunately not a painless procedure. So why is this baldness more common in men? Or even a more correct question why do women also experience male pattern hair loss? Male pattern hair loss occurs because dihydrotestosterone (DHT), a transformed form of testosterone, attacks the hair follicles on the scalp. The diameter of the hair produced by the affected follicles gradually decreases, their length becomes shorter and the color becomes lighter. Over time, the hairs shrink completely and stop growing.

Who Can Have Hair Transplantation?

 Not all people succumb to DHT. Some people's genes are coded to resist DHT. This means they probably won't face baldness until they get older. Usually, the follicles on the back and sides of the man's head are specially coded to fend off DHT. This is why the front of the head begins to open and the hair remains on the sides. Along with hereditary hair loss, other factors can also help you get hair transplantation. Medical conditions such as ringworm can cause you to lose hair or small hair in small areas. Unfortunately, hair transplantation cannot correct these conditions. Hair loss may also be caused by some medications or stress used for cancer, arthritis, depression, heart problems, gout, and high blood pressure.

Slowing Down Male Pattern Hair Loss

 If you want to slow down hair loss and not be obliged to hair transplantation, you need to understand the main reason for hair loss. For example, if your hair loss is a result of work-related stress, change of work can cause your hair to regrow. Since there are different ways and treatment options for each hair type, the type of hair loss should be diagnosed first. The foods you eat and the shampoo you use can also affect your hair. You need enough protein, iron, zinc, and B12 for healthy hair. When it comes to shampoos, you should look for products designed to remove dirt blocking your follicles. For example, you should avoid clogging the follicles further by using silicone shampoos. Instead, you can choose fewer chemical products that do not contain silicones, parabens, and colorants.

hair transplantation

Possible Side Effects of Hair Transplantation 

During the first few days after hair transplantation, you may suffer from the following:

  •  A sore and swollen scalp
  •  Temporary itching
  •  Sleep difficulties 

This type of side effect may occur as the blood circulation in the head area accelerates. Therefore, you can feel pain when you put your head on the pillow. Care should be taken in the care phase after hair transplantation. When your hair starts to fall out after the first three days, you can feel a little more comfortable. You can, of course, continue sports in this process. However, it is also useful to stay away from movements that require you to lean your head or lie down. Instead, you can choose the kinds of sports you can do by standing or sitting.

Care After Hair Transplantation

As with any operation, hair transplantation carries a small risk of excessive bleeding or infection. An allergic reaction may occur, but your surgeon will guide you in such a situation. There is also a small risk that hair follicles are rejected by your body. However, this is extremely rare. It is important to apply as a little chemical to your head as you expect your hair to regrow. Apart from this, you can use various healing and adaptation-enhancing medications with the guidance of your doctor. You should not skip taking care of your nutrition and using natural shampoos for the health of the scalp.

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