9 Tips for Proper Sunbathing: What to Pay Attention to and What to Avoid?


Whether on the beach, in an outdoor pool, or in the mountains, there are many things to consider when sunbathing. We love the warmth of the sun, we feel more comfortable with slightly tanned skin, and we need vitamin D, which is important for a strong immune system. However, it is recommended to be careful while sunbathing. While it has long been known that sun protection is important to protect us from skin cancer and premature aging, there are some details you may not know.

Important Note: All tips and advice apply to adults. Young children and babies should be protected from direct sun and kept only in the shade if possible. Since children generally have very sensitive skin, they should apply high SPF creams and stay in direct sun for a limited time, wearing a hat and airy clothing. 

Before sunbathing:

Personalized skin analysis

First of all, we must analyze how sensitive we are to the sun. Seeing a dermatologist can be helpful, but we can also answer some questions ourselves.

๐ŸŒžDo I have light or reddish hair?

๐ŸŒžDo I have too many birthmarks?

๐ŸŒžAm I light skinned?

๐ŸŒžAm I tanning too slowly?

๐ŸŒžAm I prone to sunburn easily?

If your answer is yes to all or most of these questions, this indicates that your skin is very sensitive to the sun. Self-protection time without sunscreen is just under 10 minutes. Other skin types have darker hair and olive skin tone. Although people with these characteristics are less sensitive, it is still important to protect themselves from sunlight and take sun protection seriously. 

Correct sun protection

The correct sun protection factor depends on the skin type. Those with fair skin should always use sun protection 50, while those with darker skin should use sun protection with lower SPF. In general, a higher sun protection factor provides greater sun protection and protection against skin cancer and skin aging. If in doubt, always choose a high sun protection factor. Protected sunbathing time can be calculated using the following formula: The self-protection time for fair-skinned skin is 10 minutes. If we choose SPF 30, the result is: 10 * 30 = 300 minutes of sunbathing time. However, it is recommended that you do not make full use of this period and still follow the important tips. Despite creams, the skin comes into contact with UV rays and can be damaged by the sun even if there is no sunburn. 

The right amount of sun protection

The right amount is crucial for safe sunbathing and is often underestimated. About 4 tablespoons of cream is required for the body. (Of course, this may vary depending on the person's height and weight) Make sure to apply the cream evenly and thickly. A palm-sized amount is about right for the face. For liquid suntan lotion, apply a pinch to each of your 4 fingers. 

Pay attention to the shelf life of sunscreen.

Applying the cream once is often not enough for a summer day. Clothing, sand, sweat and water can reduce applied sun protection. This should also be taken into account in waterproof products. Caution: Re-applying does not extend the time spent in the sun, it just maintains the protection. The overall shelf life of the sunscreen also needs to be considered. It is better to stop using last year's products and make sure that the sunscreen is never exposed to direct sunlight and is protected from sand and dirt.

  Clothing and Accessories:

Protection and style while sunbathing Our face and head are particularly sensitive. Large sunglasses protect our eyes and the delicate eye area. It is highly recommended to use a hat or scarf as head protection on summer days. Airy clothing can protect sun-sensitive areas but still allow some UV rays to pass through. 

Polarized Sunglasses

The right time of day for sunbathing.

The sun is at its highest at noon, between 11:00 and 13:30. It's especially busy at this time of year, especially at the beach or by the pool. Water reflects rays. At this time it is better to take a nap and avoid the sun at all costs.

Summer hat

Panama hat

 Shadow tan

 It is best to stay in the shade on hot days. About 50% of UV rays still pass through and we continue to tan in the shade. However, we should apply sunscreen even in the shade. Likewise, in cloudy weather, up to 90% of the sun's rays reach us.

Sun protection for hair

The scalp is particularly sensitive, so it's best to wear a hat or scarf to protect yourself. There are also special sunscreens for hair to make sunbathing safer.

 Moisturize after sunbathing

If you follow all these tips, you can tan slowly and healthily. You can do a light peeling before sunbathing to protect your tan. Then provide the skin with plenty of moisture. By the way: The skin also needs a lot of moisture from the inside. So drinking enough water also affects our skin.

Frequently asked questions and answers about sunbathing

What should you pay attention to when your skin turns brown?

Be sure to follow the most important tips to protect yourself from the sun. Therefore, avoid midday sun, cover your head, stay in direct sun for short periods of time, and apply adequate sunscreen. For a beautiful and healthy tan, we recommend that you gently exfoliate your skin before sunbathing. After sunbathing, we must provide the skin with a quality moisturizer.

How do I protect my skin from the sun?

  • Stay in the shade
  • Wear a headgear
  • Wear airy clothes
  • Apply sunscreen

How long can I stay in the sun?

There are different skin types. The skin's own protection time is calculated according to the skin type. In other words, how long can we actually stay in the sun without sun protection? (This is of course never recommended). For light-skinned people, the duration is only 10 minutes. This time is multiplied by the applied sun protection factor. 10 minutes self-protection time x SPF 50 = 500 minutes sunbathing time. However, this time should not be used in any way and is a very rough value. You should definitely apply cream to ensure sun protection. Water, sweat and friction reduce sun protection. In general, people with light skin need to be more careful.

Do I need sunscreen even if I'm not specifically sunbathing?

Yes. Even those with non-sensitive skin types should apply sunscreen to protect the skin. Skin cancer and premature skin aging can be the result of excessive sun exposure. Sun damage can occur even if there is no visible sunburn.

How can you sunbathe even if you have light skin?

๐ŸŒžBe careful of short sunbathing time

๐ŸŒžWear head protection

๐ŸŒžDo not stay in direct sunlight in the midday heat

๐ŸŒžLight clothing can protect the 

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